The Greenpoint Monitor Museum "Road Show"
P.S. 110 - The Monitor School
October 21, 2005
P.S. 110 - THE MONITOR SCHOOL
Neighbors of PS 110 "The Monitor School" on Monitor Street.
Monsignor McGolrick Park
The USS Monitor Monument (erected in 1938 to commemorate the
Battle of the Monitor and Merrimac, March 9, 1862, and
in memory of the men of the Monitor and its designer, John Ericsson.)
It is the work of the Sculptor, Antonio De Felippo.
The monument represents a bronze figure of a sailor straining at a hawser.
WELCOME FROM THE FIFTH GRADE.
When John Ericsson came to New York in 1839,
the US Navy was still using wooden sailing ships
whose sails depended on the wind for power.
The wooden sailed frigate USS Constitution, which was
launched in 1797, was still in service and even
today can be seen in Boston, Massachusetts.
One of the last sailing frigates designed for the
United States Navy was the USS CONGRESS.
In the 1850's the US Navy included some wooden steam powered
frigates which also had auxiliary sails, but the older wind
powered frigates were still in use.
During the Civil War John Ericsson brought his plans for a
revolutionary type of ironclad warship to President Abraham Lincoln.
His new little warship was an ironclad. Its name was the USS Monitor.
It had a steam engine, revolving turret with two 11 inch Dahlgren cannons,
propeller, shallow draft and was very low to the water.
It was very different from the US Navy sailing frigates which were
made of wood and some depended on the wind and their sails to move.
They could not go in shallow water because they had a deep draft.
He convinced President Abraham Lincoln to give the USS Monitor
a chance. John Ericsson came to Greenpoint to oversee the
construction of his new little warship at a company called
the Continental Iron Works which was located at
Quay and West Streets and the East River in Greenpoint, Brooklyn.
Thomas Fitch Rowland was the owner of this company.
He and his workers built the USS Monitor.
Thomas Fitch Rowland and many of his workers who built
the USS Monitor lived in Greenpoint.
The USS Monitor took 100 days to build and was launched on
January 30, 1862.
The USS Monitor was ordered to save the US Navy sailing frigate USS Minnesota.
While being dowed by the Rhode Island,
the USS Monitor got caught in a storm with dangerous waves.
Not following John Ericsson's design, caulking was placed
at under the turret at its connection to the ship after it was brought to the
Brooklyn Navy Yard. John Ericsson's design showed a
tight fit for the turret without caulking. The caulking became
loose during the storm and allowed water to enter under the turret.
Water entering the ship kept putting our her boilers. An
order was given to abandon ship.
The USS Monitor sunk on December 31, 1862.
Click on the pictures below.
VISIT YOUR FRIENDS AT THE FOLLOWING SCHOOLS:
P.S. 110 - Learn About the USS Monitor
P.S. 161M - Learn About General Ulysses S. Grant
St. Stanislaus Kostka School - Learn About Gen. Wladimir Krzyzanowski (a Polish immigrant)
John Ericsson Junior High School - Learn About John Ericsson (a Swedish immigrant)
P.S. 34 - Learn About the Discovery of the USS Monitor
St. Cecilia School - Learn about Civil War Mascots
P.S. 31 - Learn about the Vivandiere, French Mary (a French immigrant)
St. Anthony of Padua School - Learn about Zouaves
P.S. 84 - Learn about Johnny Clem, children in the Civil War
P.S. 196 - Learn about the 54th Massachusetts & the Black soldiers of the Civil War
The Museum is not-for-profit with 501(c)(3) status.
FUNDING FOR THE 2004-2005, 2005-2006, 2006-2007 "Road Shows" WAS PROVIDED BY THE
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Through a $50,000 Grant obtained by Congresswoman Nydia Velazquez
THE GREENPOINT MONITOR MUSEUM
P.O. Box 220378
Brooklyn, New York 11222-0378